9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Mangement
The ISCRAM Association's primary mission is to foster a community dedicated to promoting research and development, exchange of knowledge and deployment of information systems for crisis management, including the social, technical and practical aspects of all information and communication systems used or to be used in all phases of management of emergencies, disasters and crises.
Matthias Lendholt, Miguel Angel Esbri Palomares, Martin Hammitzsch
For the integration of national tsunami warning systems to large scale, ocean-wide warning infrastructures a specific protocol has been developed enabling system communication in a system-of-system environment. The proposed communication model incorporates requirements of UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanic Commission tsunami programme to interlink national tsunami early warning systems. The model designed to be robust simple is based on existing interoperability standards. It uses the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) for the exchange of official tsunami warning bulletins. Sensor measurements are communicated via markup languages of the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) suite. Both communication products are embedded into an envelope carrying address information based on the Emergency Data Exchange Language Distribution Element (EDXL-DE). The research took place within the context of two European research projects. The reference implementation of the presented results was tested independently in deployments at two early warning centers.
ID: 241 - Workflows and Decision Tables for Flexible Early Warning Systems
Felix Riedel, Fernando Chaves
Today's decision support systems for crisis management are mostly designed to support a fixed process that integrates a given set of information sources. This means policies that govern the crisis management process are tightly integrated with the implementation, which makes it hard to adapt the system to changing requirements. Modern systems are expected to be adaptable and need to evolve along with the availability of new information sources and changing business processes. Previous work suggested using workflow systems to manage crisis management processes. Current approaches that use workflow systems are not end-user friendly or not flexible enough. In this paper we present our approach that combines workflows and decision tables for creating more flexible decision support systems. While workflows are used to orchestrate services and implement information logistics in the decision support processes, embedded rule sets are used to provide flexibility and adaptability of workflows. The rule sets are authored using decision tables which are an easy-to-use representation that allows end-users to express rules in an intuitive way.